A map represents the real world. By orienting a map, you are positioning it so its North is actually pointing north. When you orient a map and know where you are on the map, you can look in a certain direction and see a real landmark and find it on the map.
Orienting, or aligning, the map is really easy with just 3 steps:
Now, the map is oriented to the real world. If you know where you are on the map, you should be able to look in any direction and see the objects represented on the map in the same direction.
If you know where you are on your map, you can also orient your map by distant features. If you can see a known mountain in one direction and a lake off another way, then just lay the map out and turn it so the corresponding marks on the map align with the distant features.
Answer from previous page: Denmark, India, Germany.
What is the most important thing to bring with you in case you get lost?
A deck of cards - as soon as you start playing solitaire, someone will find you and say "black six on red seven!"